White Corn vs. Yellow Corn: What is the Difference? 8 Facts

Corn is a grain that can be grown in many places around the world. This crop has become more popular because it can grow in a wide range of climates.

The yield and nutritional value of this crop have also gone up thanks to scientific progress.

There are many different kinds of corn, but white and yellow corn are the most common. There are some differences, but they look pretty much the same.

What is White Corn?

In the south of the United States, white corn is a popular main dish. This corn looks solid and cylindrical. The white corn plant gets between 10 and 25 cm tall.

The lack of carotenoids makes white maize kernels white. The kernels are surrounded by rust, which is the colour of gold. Between 200 and 400 kernels can fit on one ear of corn.

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn

These white kernels taste sweet and are hard and soft at the same time. When they are ready, they get hard and doughy. You can buy these corns at any time of the year.

What is Yellow Corn?

Yellow corn is another common type of sweet corn that grows mostly in the northern parts of the U.S. Golden silk threads and tassels go all the way to the end of each of these kernels.

Yellow maize can hold up to 400 kernels on each ear. Yellow corn tastes less sweet than white corn when you compare the two. Before they are ripe, these corns feel and taste like dough and are sweet.

As they get older, they get harder and taste less good. Yellow corn has kernels that are pale yellow. The colour comes from carotenoids, which are a type of pigment. You can buy this corn all year.

White And Yellow Corn Nicknames

White Corn Nicknames:

  • Sweet Corn
  • Shoepeg
  • Zea Mays (botanically classified)

Yellow Corn Nicknames:

  • Classic Corn
  • Dent Corn
  • Pole Corn

Key Differences Between White and Yellow Corn

ComponentsWhite CornYellow Corn
Consist OfThese corns are consist of white cream kernelsIt contains pale yellow color kernels
ColorThe kernels of white corn don’t have any color due to the lack of carotenoids.The dark yellow color of kernels of yellow corn is due to the presence of carotenoids in them.
Commonly FoundWhite corn is commonly found in Central America and AfricaYellow corn is mainly found in northern American countries
Vitamin and LuteinWhite corn doesn’t contain lutein and vitamin AYellow corn contains both lutein and vitamin A
Water ContentThe kernels of white corn contain plenty of water in them, which makes them juicy.Yellow corn has lower water content as compared to white corn
AlleleWhite corn contains two recessive Y alleles, which give it a white colorYellow corn contains a single Y allele due to the presence of carotenoid pigments
Used ForThere are different white corn uses; it is commonly used in foods like humitas or fried chips.Yellow corn is not much sweet if we compare white vs. yellow corn. It is used in cakes and soups.
Health BenefitsVitamins and fiber present in white corn improve digestive health and the immune system.Vitamin A in yellow corn can improve eye health and strengthen bones.

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn Nutrition

White corn has vitamins and fibre that are good for the digestive and immune systems.
Vitamin A is in yellow maize, which can help keep your eyes healthy and your bones strong.
A look at the nutrition of white corn Yellow maize

Yellow and white corn have both been used as staple foods for thousands of years, and both can be good for your health in different ways. But here, the question is whether yellow or white corn is better for you.

NutrientsWhite corn (100g)Yellow Corn (100g)
Energy1527 Kj556 Kj
Protein9.42 g4.3 g
Fiber2.7 g2 g
Carbs74.26 g30.49 g
Fats4.74 g1.64 g
Sodium35 mg351 mg
Potassium287 mg320 mg
White corn has more protein and fibre than yellow corn. But when you compare the nutrition of whole white corn to that of whole yellow corn, yellow corn is better because it has more vitamin A.

More sodium and potassium are also in it. It also gives you more energy. So, it is a better choice for your health.

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn Pros and Cons

White Corn Pros and Cons

Pros of White Corn

  • There is a lot of fibre in white maize, which can help keep your bowels moving and prevent digestive problems like constipation, indigestion, and colon cancer.
  • White corn is full of vitamin B and antioxidants, which help keep nerves and brains healthy and working well.
  • Because it has omega-3 fatty acids, corn can also help keep your heart healthy.

Cons of White Corn

  • White corn has a lot of calories, which could make you gain weight.
  • Corn syrup can make your blood sugar go up, which can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes.

Yellow Corn Pros and Cons

Pros of Yellow Corn

  • Carbohydrates in yellow maize can help the body in many ways because they provide fuel for the brain, body, nervous system, and kidneys. Protein from yellow corn can help build muscles, tissues, and bones.

Cons of Yellow Corn

  • Yellow maize also has a lot of salt, which could be hard for people with high blood pressure.
  • Due to the high amount of cellulose in corn, it can make digestive problems worse.

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn

Can You Use White Corn and Yellow Corn Interchangeably?

The colour is the main difference between white and yellow corn. How corn is used depends on what kind of corn it is.

For example, dry field corn is great for making corn flour, cornmeal, or masa, which is the main ingredient in cornbread and tortillas.

Farmers pick sweet corn when the ears have a lot of sugar in them. You can boil or grill corn on the cob to cook it.

Do other colors of corn contain other nutrients?

Let’s take a step back and figure out what “corn” means. In Europe a long time ago, “corn” was just a general term for whatever crop was grown most in a given country or region.

For example, in England, “corn” could have meant wheat, while in Scotland or Ireland, it could have meant oats.

When European settlers came to the area that would become North America and brought back maize, the main crop of the New World, they called it “Indian corn.”

“After a while, domesticated maize became so common that the name “Indian” was dropped and all maize became corn,” Mark Lasbury writes on his interesting biology blog As Many Exceptions as Rules.

Today, “Indian corn” means beautiful ears of corn with bright colours, mostly flint corn, which is related to sweet corn. But the corn, or maize, that Native Americans grew during the colonial era was also brightly coloured.

The governor of the Connecticut colony, John Winthrop Jr., said that the corn was “red, yellow, blown, olive colour, and greenish,” and that some of the kernels were black.

A few years ago, the New York Times said that some of these colours, like black, red, and blue, showed the presence of anthocyanins, which are pigments that “have the potential to fight cancer, calm inflammation, lower cholesterol and blood pressure, protect the aging brain, and lower the risk of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.”

How do I get those nutrients, then?

Look for corn with kernels that are the darkest shade of gold. Look for corn meal that is blue or purple.

And look at this glass gem corn that a breeder in Oklahoma made. It can be bought, but there aren’t many of them. It can be popped and ground to make cornmeal.

So if color doesn’t determine sweetness, what does?

breeding for hundreds of years, a random past, and some modern interference. During a fight with Native American tribes in 1779, some American troops came across a field of unusually sweet yellow corn that the Iroquois had been planting, grabbed it, and proceeded to grow the strain for themselves, establishing it as the predecessor of contemporary sweet corn

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn

. Still, one early issue with maize was that it lost roughly half of its sweetness within 24 hours of picking, becoming increasingly starchy.

So, in the 1800s, American farmers started combining different kinds of corn to make ones that stayed sweeter longer, which meant that the kernels had more sugar.

As a result, the United States now has three main types of maize: standard sugary, sugar-enhanced (which has twice as much sugar as standard sugary), and supersweet (three times as much). Supersweet corn lasts longer off the stalk, but flavour wisdom is lost in the process.

FAQs

Is White Corn Healthier Than Yellow Corn?

No, yellow corn is a better choice because it has more nutrients than white corn.

Is White Corn Sweet?

The taste of white corn is sweet. Some people say it’s the sweetest corn there is.

Which Is Better, White Corn or Yellow Corn?

Both types of corn are good for your health. But yellow corn is a better choice because it has beta-carotene, which can be turned into vitamin A.

Is White Corn High in Sugar?

White corn has only 1% to 3% sugar in it, so diabetics can eat it in moderation.

Is White Corn Natural?

Yes, white maize comes from nature. It is a grain, a fruit, and a vegetable. It comes from a grass seed that has been dried.

Conclusion

Corn often comes in both white and yellow varieties. Even though their scientific names are the same, they are from different families of grass. The Poaceae family includes white corn, while the Gramineae family includes yellow corn.

The kernels of yellow and white maize are different in terms of both colour and taste. White maize kernels are white because they don’t have enough carotenoids. Yellow maize has this pigment, which gives the kernel its yellow colour.

Yellow corn tastes less sweet than white corn. Both types of maize are healthy because they have a lot of fibre and vitamins.

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