Male vs. Female Pelvis: 8 Key Differences, Example, Pros & Cons

Male vs. Female Pelvis: The pelvis is the part of the body that connects the upper torso and trunk to the lower legs. There are also parts of the reproductive system and the small and large intestines.

In both men and women, the pelvis is the lowest part of the body, between the stomach and the thighs. But when it comes to the pelvic differences between men and women, they both have different structures and functions.

What Is The Male Pelvis?

The male pelvis is where the spine begins and the hip joint is located.The shape is short and thin. Men’s pelvic bones are very heavy and thick. This is because they have to support their large bodies and strong muscles.

The hip bones, the coccyx, and the sacrum are the three bones that make up the pelvis. The sacrum is a small, long, and straight bone in the pelvis. Men’s pelvic openings look like a heart.

And the pubic arch is in the shape of a V, with an angle of less than 90°. A man’s pelvic coccyx is fixed and inward, with less of a curl on the front side.

Male vs. Female Pelvis

What Is The Male Pelvis?

People sometimes call the female pelvis the base of the spine or the hip socket. But it is bigger and wider than the pelvis of a man.

The pelvic bones of women are lighter but denser. They are there during pregnancy to hold the baby and make sure it is delivered safely. The sacrum, hip bone, and coccyx are the three bones that make up the pelvic bones.

The sacrum is longer and wider than the coccyx. The hole in the pelvis is oval. The pubic arch is wider and goes past 90 degrees.

Differences Between the Male and Female Pelvis

Let’s look at a picture of a male pelvis (on the left) and a female pelvis (on the right) to understand some of these important differences.

The Female Pelvis is Shorter and Wider than the Male Pelvis

Compared to the male pelvis, the iliac crest of the female pelvis is lower, and there is more space between the anterior superior iliac spines.

When compared to the average man, this makes a woman’s hips look curvier. The space in a woman’s pelvis will be shallower, while a man’s will be deeper.

The Female Pelvis is Lighter

Even though a woman’s pelvis is wider than a man’s, the bones are smaller and lighter than the bones in a man’s pelvis, which are thicker and rougher.

Pubic Arch Differences in Subpubic Angle

Next, look for a notch under the pubic symphysis. This is the pubic arch. This arch is usually much wider in women than in men. Think about a woman giving birth and how she has to spread her legs wide to do it.

The pubic arch, which is made up of the inferior rami of the pubis, forms the subpubic angle. Women often have a subpubic angle of 80 degrees or more, which is called an “obtuse” angle and looks like the letter “L.”

Men have a thinner pubic arch, so the subpubic angle is usually less than or equal to 70 degrees.

This is called a “sharp” angle, and it looks like an upside-down “V.” These numbers are not exact, and they may differ from one source to another.

In one study, researchers looked at the subpubic angle of 109 pelves. They found that the range for women was 64–100 degrees, while the range for men was 48–81 degrees.

The Female Pelvic Brim is Oval-Shaped; The Male Pelvis is Heart-Shaped

Most of the time, a woman’s pelvic rim is bigger than a man’s, which makes giving birth easier.

The male inlet is smaller and in the shape of a heart. Saying “the road to a man’s heart is through his pelvis” will help you remember it.

Male vs Female Sacrum

The sacrum of a woman is shorter, wider, and more curved than the sacrum of a man, which is thinner, longer, and less curved. The coccyx bone of a male curls more toward the front of the body than the coccyx bone of a female.

Greater Sciatic Notch, Acetabula, and Ischial Tuberosities

  • The larger sciatic notch in the female pelvis is wider and shallower than in the male pelvis.
  • Women’s acetabulae, which hold the head of the femur, are smaller and further apart than men’s. Men’s acetabulae are larger and closer together.
  • The female pelvic outlet ischial tuberosities are wider, shorter, and point outward, while the male pelvic outlet ischial tuberosities are sharper, longer, and point toward the body’s midline.

Male vs. Female Pelvis

Obturator Foramen Differences in Males and Females

Obturator foramen (plural: foramina) The male pelvis is smaller and higher, which makes the obturator foramen look round. On the other hand, the female obturator foramina are more oval, like an egg turned on its side.

  • Ischiopubic Ramus, Ventral Arc, and Subpubic Concavity: Women also have a strong ventral arc on the front surface of the pubis, which is lower than in men. Men do not have this feature.
  • After puberty, the subpubic concavity, which is a notch along the middle of the ischopubic ramus, is more noticeable in women.
  • Pointed Ischiopubic Ramus: The last part is the medial aspect of the ischiopubic ramus. Again, “medial” is a direction word that means “toward the middle of the body.” In females, the edge of the ramus is more pointed, while in males, it is more round.

Pelvis Male vs. Female Similarities

  • The pelvic areas of both men and women are in the middle of the body, between the thighs and the stomach.
  • Both have the pelvic floor, the pelvic cavity, the bones of the pelvis, and the previa.

Male vs. Female Pelvis Bones

The pelvic bones of both men and women are important parts of the middle part of the skeleton. They are where some of the strongest muscles in the body connect to the bones.

The pelvic bones of women are wider and bigger than those of men. On the other hand, men have longer sacrum bones than women do.

Male Pelvis vs. Female Pelvis Pros and Cons

Male Pelvis Pros and Cons

Pros of Male Pelvis

  • Men have strong muscles in their pelvis that keep their big bodies in shape.
  • The male pelvis is responsible for a lot of things, like supporting the pelvic organs and making love.

Cons of Male Pelvis

  • Severe injuries to the male pelvis can be fatal because they can hurt the kidney, bladder, and genitals, which are all in the pelvic ring.
  • If the pelvis is broken, fractured, or shattered, it hurts to walk, sit, or stand.

Male vs. Female Pelvis

Female Pelvis Pros and Cons

Pros of Female Pelvis

  • The female pelvis helps a woman get pregnant and makes giving birth easier.
  • Some organs in a woman’s abdomen, like the intestines and uterus, are held up by her pelvic area.

Cons of Female Pelvis

  • The pelvis of a woman has a lot of bones, muscles, and ligaments in it. Because of this, different illnesses can affect the whole pelvis or just parts of it. For example, PID and endometriosis
  • In rare cases, the pelvis stops supporting organs like the bladder or uterus, causing them to press against the vagina.

Conclusion

The pelvis is in the lower part of every person’s body. It is between the stomach and the thighs. But the female pelvis is not the same as the male pelvis in terms of size, shape, function, and purpose.

The main difference between a woman’s and a man’s pelvis is that a woman’s pelvis is wider and has more room for giving birth. On the other hand, a man’s pelvis is smaller and narrower, and it helps support his strong muscles and body build.

Also, the structures of a woman’s and a man’s pelvis are different. The male pelvic coccyx can’t move and doesn’t curve much forward, but the female pelvic coccyx can move and does curve forward.

Both halves are well-developed enough to do their jobs well. Also, if the pelvis is hurt, the other organs that are inside the pelvic ring may also be hurt.

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